PREVENTION OF MALARIA
Malaria, An infectious disease that has plagued people of all races particularly those of sub Saharan Africa is one we feel should be addressed to promote awareness.
Malaria is mostly common in Sub Saharan Africa however people in other areas such as Central and South America, the Middle East and the Caribbean are at risk of getting infected.
Malaria is sometimes called the ‘great imitator’ because its symptoms mimic other diseases. This is why it is often misdiagnosed or under-diagnosed. Aside its symptoms including fever, chills, headaches and vomiting which would lead to an untimely death if left untreated , it can also lead to serious complications such as kidney failure, seizures(uncontrolled electrical disturbance in the brain) and many other gruesome and unwanted states.
Malaria is sometimes called the ‘great imitator’ because its symptoms mimic other diseases
Because of this, it is important to know how to prevent Malaria. Here are some of the ways through which malaria can be prevented
- SLEEPING UNDER INSECTICIDE TREATED NETS This is very important especially for people living in areas prone to malaria. Pregnant women and children younger than 2 years are also advised to sleep under treated nets. These nets act as personal barriers to prevent mosquito bites and this decreases the risk of infection
- Aerating rooms with Mosquito insecticides This is a great way to prevent malaria because it kills mosquitoes which come in contact with the insecticide. These insecticides can come in many forms including sprays,coils and controlled release insecticides.
- Environmental control Stagnant waters are ideal sites for breeding of mosquitoes. Removal of stagnant waters and proper disposal of waste water reduces transmission. Solid waste such as used cans, old tires and other objects that can store stagnant water must also be disposed properly
- Protective personal measures Wearing long-sleeve clothes and pants when outdoors at night and light colored clothes as mosquitoes are attracted to dark colors reduces the chances of getting bitten by a mosquito. The use of insect repellents also prevents this especially when living in places prone to malaria
- Malaria prophylaxis Travelers going to places where there is a risk of getting malaria must receive preventive antimalarial treatment from their doctor. Because they don’t live in those areas, there is a higher chance that their bodies will have a tougher time fighting the infection. These antimalarial medications prepare the body well enough.
keeping the environment clean reduces chances of transmitting malaria
Considering how severe malaria can get and how difficult it can be to differentiate it from other disease, prevention is important. Using treated nets, protective clothing, insecticides and keeping the environment clean reduces chances of transmitting malaria. Travelers must also receive antimalarial drugs before travelling to places prone to malaria.